The Anthony Joseph Drexel Biddle, Jr. Lecture on International Studies
The Anthony Joseph Drexel Biddle, Jr. Lecture in International Studies was established by Mary Duke Biddle Trent Semans and James H. Semans and their family to honor Mrs. Semans’ father, who had a distinguished career as a diplomat in the service of the United States and was an original signer of The Duke Endowment.
This program is made possible by the Anthony J. Drexel Biddle Lectureship Endowment and by the Mary Trent Jones-Sarah Trent Harris-Rebecca Trent Kirkland Endowment, recognizing Dr. and Mrs. Semans’ daughters who received their education at Duke University.
The lecture symbolizes Duke University’s continuing commitment to promoting international understanding.
Anthony Joseph Drexel Biddle, Jr. (1896-1961)
Anthony Joseph Drexel Biddle, Jr., US Ambassador & envoy to governments-in-exile, including Hungary, Greece, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, The Netherlands, Norway, Poland, and Yugoslavia, working in his HQ office at Berkeley Square, London. (Hans Wild, October 1943)
Although Ambassador Biddle had a varied career—including work in shipping, mining and even the sporting world—he found his greatest calling as a diplomat. Born in Philadelphia, he attended the Saint Paul’s School in New Hampshire and later, Temple University. Serving in the US Army during World War I, Biddle rose in rank from Private to Captain. After the war, he engaged in various sports in a serious manner, becoming “Court Tennis” champion of France. In addition, he was a good prizefighter, following in his father’s footsteps; his father was a jiu jitsu expert in the US Marines and the trainer of champion boxer Gene Tunney. The younger Biddle then embarked on various business ventures before becoming involved in politics in the early 1930s. President Franklin Delano Roosevelt rewarded Biddle’s work by naming him to his first diplomatic posting in 1934, as Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Norway.
An appointment as Ambassador to Poland followed in 1937, as World War II loomed over Europe. Staying a step ahead of the invading German armed forces, Biddle ended up in Paris, where he served as Deputy Ambassador to France.
In 1941 Biddle was named US Ambassador to Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Greece, Luxembourg, The Netherlands, Norway, Poland, and Yugoslavia, whose governments were in exile in London. At the time, this extraordinary posting was termed the biggest and, in some ways, the most important diplomatic mission ever handled by a single envoy.
Biddle retired from the diplomatic corps in 1944 to return to active duty in the US Army as a Lieutenant Colonel, rising to the rank of Brigadier General in 1951. During those years, he worked closely with General Dwight D. Eisenhower, as Deputy Chief of Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force (SHAEF) and as a representative to US European Command (EUCOM) and
Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe (SHAPE), NATO’s central military command.
The 1950s found Biddle serving as Adjutant General of the State of Pennsylvania, on numerous Pennsylvania state boards and commissions and as a trustee at Temple University. In 1961 President John F. Kennedy chose Biddle for his final diplomatic position, that of Ambassador to Spain, where he served until shortly before his death.
2018 Biddle Lecture
The Honorable Brian A. Nichols gave the 2018 Anthony J. Drexel Biddle, Jr. Lecture on International Studies, on Tuesday, March 27, 2018 at the Nasher Museum of Art Auditorium at 5pm. Ambassador Nichols is former US Ambassador to Peru. In addition, he was Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for International Narcotics Law (INL) Enforcement Affairs, directing INL programs in Afghanistan, Pakistan, Europe, and Asia. Other international posts have included US embassies in El Salvador, Mexico, Colombia, and Indonesia, as well as oversight of programs in the Middle East, Asia and Europe. Ambassador Nichols is the recipient of the 2011 Presidential Meritorious Service Award, Six Superior Honor Awards, and multiple other Department of State awards. His talk will be:
"For Reasons Which Are Not Immediately Clear:
Foreign Policy in a Time of Uncertainty"
Mr. Nichols served as the US Ambassador to Peru from 2014 to 2017. He led an Embassy with 23 sections and agencies and over 1,000 employees. He directed a comprehensive effort to combat transnational organized crime in Peru. During his tenure, Peru broke records in coca eradication and interdiction, leading to a significant reduction in cocaine production. Ambassador Nichols pioneered strategies against illegal gold mining and illegal logging. He supported American trade and investment in Peru, including major sales to Peru’s security forces, increasing agricultural sales to over $1 billion annually, defending the rights of American investors, and building the Hemisphere’s largest public-private partnership—the US-Peru Cacao Alliance. He also pioneered programs to combat environmental degradation in the Amazon. Nichols was Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs (INL) from 2011 to 2013. In that capacity he oversaw the full range of rule-of-law programs, counter-narcotics and multilateral issues managed by the bureau. Nichols directed INL programs in Afghanistan, Pakistan, Europe, and Asia and also led US delegations to the United Nations in various counter-narcotics and anti-crime fora.
From 2007 to 2010, he served as the Deputy Chief of Mission at the US Embassy in Colombia, where he managed day-to-day US diplomatic activities in Colombia, including overseeing over $500 million in annual US development, rule of law and security assistance. Ambassador Nichols previously served as the Director of the Office of Caribbean Affairs, coordinating US policy toward 14 Caribbean countries, including Haiti. He contributed to US efforts to re-establish democratic governance in Haiti. Nichols also served as Counselor for Political Affairs at the American Embassy in Indonesia from 2001 to 2004, where he worked to assist the Indonesian government to respond to the Bali bombing terrorist attack, strengthen its rule-of-law institutions, and consolidate its democracy. Beginning his Foreign Service career as a Consular Officer in Lima, Peru in 1989, he has also served in Mexico and El Salvador.
Ambassador Nichols earned the 2016 Charles E. Cobb, Jr. Award for Initiative and Success in Trade Development for his efforts in Peru, a 2011 Presidential Meritorious Service Award, six Superior Honor Awards, and multiple other Department of State awards. Ambassador Nichols received the Grand Cross of the Order of the Sun —the highest State distinction bestowed by Peru in 2017. A native of Rhode Island, he is a graduate of Tufts University.