Greening Development Investments
Coordinated by Duke University’s Nicholas Institute for Environmental Policy Solutions and Duke Kunshan University, this effort is focused on collecting and assessing geospatial data to understand past impacts of infrastructure development on environmental (biodiversity and carbon) and social (health and energy access) factors. These analyses are used to provide recommendations for the design of future infrastructure investments that should result in the best possible environmental and social outcomes. The team is also exploring how to communicate biodiversity conservation in the face of infrastructure development to stakeholders and decision makers in China and BRI countries. This team hosted a workshop with the Duke Africa Initiative, examining the social and environmental impacts of Chinese financed infrastructure in Africa. In 2018 the team will be hosting a workshop on mapping biodiversity and infrastructure, aimed at providing geospatial guidance for mitigating biodiversity impacts from infrastructure expansion.
Biodiversity and Infrastructure Mapping Workshop
To increase the effectiveness of biodiversity, ecosystem services and mitigation mapping for influencing the planning of infrastructure in Asia and Africa, Duke University and Duke Kunshan University will jointly host the Belt and Road Biodiversity Mapping Workshop. The workshop aims to align the efforts and data of concerned institutions, reduce duplication of work, and standardize methods for the mapping of biodiversity and ecosystem services in relation to the BRI. This workshop will bring experts together in order to explore the most effective ways to combine biodiversity, ecosystem services, and infrastructure project data. Workshop attendees will also plan for effective ways to get resulting biodiversity information into the hands of the proper decision makers. This workshop represents one in a series of workshops to be held at DKU on related, but distinct elements of the Duke Green Belt and Road Initiative.
This three-day workshop will include government officials from China and key US and China think tanks and NGO representatives who focus on using the resulting mapping data. The workshop may also provide opportunities for environmental students from the MEM and iMEP programs to engage in the biodiversity mapping processes.
Project Leads: Stuart Pimm, Ph.D., email@example.com; Elizabeth Losos, Ph.D. firstname.lastname@example.org; Lydia Olander, Ph.D. email@example.com; Sara Mason firstname.lastname@example.org; Binbin Li, Ph.D., Binbin.email@example.com; Kathinka Furst, Ph.D., firstname.lastname@example.org; Moon Joon Kim, Ph.D., email@example.com.
Green Belt and Road? The roles of Chinese NGOs
Besides a huge scale of construction of infrastructures and vast exchange of resources, the BRI will profoundly influence the international objective of protection to the climate and promotion to sustainable development. In the national document “Guiding Opinion on Promoting Construction of a Green ‘One Belt One Road’” published in April 2017, principles of ecological civilisation were laid out for the direction of the BRI: promoting global cooperation in a low-carbon economy, ecological conservation, technological exchange, law enforcement, effective management, green production, free finance and green consumerism. China also pledged to ensure that the BRI will be in line with its environmental objectives set in the Belt and Road Forum in Beijing in May 2017. National Development and Reform Commission signed an MOU and Action Plan for the BRI with the United Nations Development Programme China (UNDP China). The collaboration aims to align and accelerate the sustainable development goals with the effort from the BRI and to link up Belt and Road countries for mutual understanding on policies and regulations. Civil society organisation both in China and in BRI countries are also starting to focus their attention on this initiative. This project focuses on mapping and analysing the role of Chinese NGOs in facilitating and monitoring sustainable investment and development practises under the BRI umbrella. It provides an overview of the different roles Chinese NGO plays in these processes, their engagement with local NGOs in various BRI countries and discusses the opportunities and obstacles for effective society engagement under the Green BRI.
Project Lead: Kathinka Furst, Ph.D., firstname.lastname@example.org
Yating Li, a fourth-year PhD candidate in the University Program of Environmental Policy, is completing a dissertation that focuses on two BRI related topics: 1. The drivers of Chinese residential electricity demand using micro data, especially the importance of increasing household income in developing countries and of rising temperature under climate change. 2. The impacts of Chinese overseas investment on environment and energy access, specifically, the impact of power plants that Chinese companies invested overseas in the past decade. She works interactively with researchers at Duke and in think tanks at Washington DC.
Project Lead: Yating Li, email@example.com
Financing Green Belt & Road
China’s Belt & Road Initiative is facing criticism of exacerbating environmental pollution and climate change in the B&R countries. On the one hand, the B&R countries tend to be energy and emission intensive. On the other hand, the Chinese industries involved in the BRI are likely to be concentrated in energy and other industries that have a long-term effect on environment and climate. Therefore, a green BRI is called for to reduce the adverse environmental consequence in the B&R countries. To achieve a green BRI, the central question is to determine whether an investment project is green. To this end, our research team propose a set of standards and indictors to determine the externality of an investment decision and its economic impact. The methodology developed can be used by financial institutions to assess the benefits and costs of green investments.
Project Lead: Junjie Zhang, firstname.lastname@example.org